Prisioneros De Guerra: A Spanish Documentary Film About The Civil War
Prisioneros De Guerra is a 1938 documentary film produced by the Department of National Cinematography of the Spanish Republic during the Spanish Civil War. The film, directed by Luis BuÃuel and Luis Marquina, shows the conditions of the prisoners of war captured by the Republican forces and their treatment by the authorities. The film also includes interviews with some of the prisoners, who express their regret for fighting against the Republic and their desire to return to their families.
The film was intended to counteract the propaganda of the Nationalist side, which accused the Republicans of committing atrocities against the prisoners. The film also aimed to show the international community the humanitarian efforts of the Republic and to appeal for their support. The film was screened in several countries, such as France, Mexico, and the United States, but it was banned in Spain by Franco's regime after the war. The film is considered a valuable historical document and a testimony of the horrors of war.Prisioneros De Guerra is one of the few films that Luis BuÃuel made during his exile in France after the Spanish Civil War. BuÃuel, who was a prominent surrealist filmmaker and a critic of the Catholic Church and the bourgeoisie, supported the Republican cause and collaborated with several leftist organizations. He also worked as a film editor and adviser for the Department of National Cinematography. BuÃuel's involvement in Prisioneros De Guerra is not clear, as he did not sign the film and his role was not credited. Some sources claim that he directed some scenes and edited the film, while others suggest that he only supervised the production and gave some suggestions to Luis Marquina, who was the official director.
Prisioneros De Guerra is not a typical BuÃuel film, as it does not contain any of his trademark surrealistic elements or his satirical humor. The film is rather a straightforward documentary that follows a realistic and objective style. The film does not use any narration or music, but relies on the images and the voices of the prisoners to convey its message. The film also avoids any explicit political commentary or propaganda, but rather lets the viewers draw their own conclusions from the contrast between the Republican and the Nationalist sides. The film is a rare example of BuÃuel's social realism and his commitment to the Republican cause.Prisioneros De Guerra is also a remarkable film for its historical value and its documentary quality. The film captures the reality of the Spanish Civil War and its impact on the lives of the people involved. The film shows the diversity of the prisoners, who come from different regions, backgrounds, and ideologies. The film also reveals the brutality of the war and the suffering of the prisoners, who face hunger, disease, and torture. The film also exposes the lies and manipulation of the Nationalist propaganda, which portrayed the Republicans as barbarians and traitors. The film also documents the efforts of the Republic to respect the human rights and dignity of the prisoners and to facilitate their repatriation.
Prisioneros De Guerra is a film that deserves to be seen and remembered by anyone interested in the Spanish Civil War and its consequences. The film is a powerful testimony of the tragedy of war and the hope for peace. The film is also a tribute to the courage and solidarity of the Republican people and their struggle for democracy and justice. The film is also a rare glimpse into the work and vision of Luis BuÃuel, one of the most influential and original filmmakers of all time. 061ffe29dd