Download Ebook Suharto The Untold Story: A Glimpse into the Life of Indonesia's Second President
Suharto, also known as Pak Harto, was the second president of Indonesia who ruled the country for 32 years from 1967 to 1998. He is often regarded as one of the most influential and controversial figures in modern Indonesian history. His legacy is still debated and contested by many Indonesians and scholars.
However, there is another side of Suharto that is less known to the public: his personal life, his family, his hobbies, his friends, his humor, his compassion, and his humanity. These aspects of Suharto are revealed in a book titled Pak Harto: The Untold Stories, which was published in 2011 by Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
The book is a collection of stories and anecdotes from 113 people who had close interactions with Suharto, ranging from his siblings, his ministers, his aides, his doctors, his foreign counterparts, to his admirers and critics. The book offers a glimpse into the private and intimate moments of Suharto that were rarely exposed to the media or the public.
Some of the stories are touching, such as how Suharto mourned the loss of his beloved wife Tien, how he cared for the welfare of the elephants in Lampung, how he greeted and thanked every soldier who escorted him during his trips, and how he enjoyed fishing and gardening in his spare time.
Some of the stories are amusing, such as how Suharto joked with his bodyguard about not catching fish with long hair, how he teased his ministers about their golf skills, how he played pranks on his guests with fake snakes and spiders, and how he sang along with a street musician who visited his house.
Some of the stories are insightful, such as how Suharto handled various domestic and international issues, how he communicated with different leaders and personalities, how he learned from his mistakes and successes, and how he envisioned the future of Indonesia.
The book is not intended to glorify or vilify Suharto, but rather to present a more balanced and nuanced portrait of him as a human being who had strengths and weaknesses, who had joys and sorrows, who had achievements and failures. The book is also a valuable source of information and inspiration for anyone who wants to learn more about Suharto and Indonesia.
If you are interested in reading this book, you can download the ebook version from this link: Pak Harto: The Untold Stories Perpustakaan FISHIPOL. You can also find more reviews and ratings of this book on Goodreads.
Suharto's rise to power was marked by a bloody coup attempt in 1965, which he blamed on the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) and used as a pretext to launch a massive anti-communist purge that killed hundreds of thousands of people. He then sidelined President Sukarno, who had led Indonesia's struggle for independence from the Dutch, and assumed full control of the country in 1967.
Suharto established a military-backed authoritarian regime that he called the \"New Order\", which suppressed any opposition and dissent, banned political parties except for his own Golkar Party, and controlled the media and the judiciary. He also implemented a series of economic policies that promoted foreign investment, industrialization, and development, but also created widespread corruption, cronyism, and inequality.
Suharto's foreign policy was based on maintaining good relations with Western countries, especially the United States, which supported his regime as a bulwark against communism in Southeast Asia. He also pursued regional cooperation through ASEAN and the Non-Aligned Movement, and intervened militarily in neighboring countries such as East Timor, Papua New Guinea, and Cambodia.
Suharto's rule was challenged by various social movements and political forces in the late 1980s and 1990s, such as Islamic groups, human rights activists, student protesters, and pro-democracy advocates. His legitimacy was further eroded by the Asian financial crisis of 1997-1998, which plunged Indonesia into economic and social turmoil. Facing mounting pressure from domestic and international sources, Suharto resigned in May 1998 and handed over power to his vice president B.J. Habibie.
After his resignation, Suharto lived a secluded life in his Jakarta residence, surrounded by his family and loyalists. He faced several lawsuits and investigations for human rights violations and corruption during his presidency, but he never stood trial due to his poor health and old age. He died in January 2008 at the age of 86 from multiple organ failure. aa16f39245